Book Review: The Midwife: A Biography of Laurine Ekstrom Kingston

September 29, 2016 in Book, Book reviews, Church History, home birth, LDS History, Midwives, Robyn, Uncategorized

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The Midwife: A Biography of Laurine Ekstrom Kingston  By Victoria Burgess

Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books 2012

I don’t know if anyone else out there loves reading midwife memoirs but I do.  I noticed this biography of Laurine Ekstrom Kingston on kindle and decided to give it a try.  The book is broken up into six sections: the history of her family, her childhood within the Fundamentalist group, her marriage to the son of a prominent Fundamentalist leader, her philosophies of midwifery care, stories from her work as a midwife, and reflections on her life and what she is doing today.

I thought the book was going to be more about her work as a midwife but the majority of the book is about her time as a part of a Fundamentalist Mormon Co-op.  Even though that is not what I was expecting, it was still very interesting.  I have to admit to not having much of an idea of how daily life flows in tightly knit polygamist (more accurately defined as polygyny) groups. I have never bothered watching Big Love or any reality shows depicting the practice.  So for me it was educational and handled tastefully.  Polygyny is an undeniable part of our history and Laurine’s life gave me a peek inside to what it might have been like for early Mormons who practiced it. For Laurine, it allowed her to work more freely as a nurse and midwife.  Many of the midwives from LDS history were part of plural marriages.

Laurine is a fascinating woman, one who was steeped in her religion, but often functioning outside of it due to her work as a nurse and midwife.  The critique I would offer is that the book could have used a little more editing and revising.  There are errors common to writing and sometimes the flow is choppy or the style distracting. However, that did not stop me from reading the entire book before my Labor Day weekend was over.

Birth of an Early LDS OBGYN

February 27, 2012 in LDS History, Motherhood, Robyn, Uncategorized

It is to me the crowning joy of a woman’s life to be a mother

-Ellis Reynolds Shipp

If you have read Heather’s post, “Midwifery as a Calling”, then you have heard of Dr. Ellis Shipp.  I wanted to share a little more about her.  It is evident she felt called to the work before she was formally called by Brigham Young to attend medical school.  Prior to that call she had taken it upon herself to study in the early morning hours from 4 a.m. to 7 a.m.  She even began privately studying with a local physician, Dr. Gunn, in January 1872.  Of this she stated, “as I deem it the duty of every mother to understand perfectly the laws of health” (Burgess-Olsen, 368).  Two years later she left for medical school with the intention to improve maternity and infant care.  This was not an easy task for her to leave her three small children.  She was encouraged and supported by her husband and sister-wives (polygamous wives of her husband). She even gave birth while completing her medical studies:

“In May 1877 she gave birth to her sixth child, a baby girl. The following summer Ellis served residency at the hospital affiliated with the Women’s Medical College while a landlady looked after her infant.  In August Ellis attempted to make some money at dressmaking in rural New Jersey.  Toddler in one arm and dress pattern in the other, she hiked from one farmhouse to the next until she earned enough to go to school.  Despite the additional burdens of motherhood, Ellis rejoiced in her daughter: ‘it is to me the crowning joy of a woman’s life to be a mother.'” (Burgess-Olsen, 371)

Upon completing medical school she was set apart to practice medicine among the saints.  She gave birth to ten children, five of whom died in infancy.  One author noted of her, “Once she understood how such tragedies could be avoided , she was restless to spread the word” (Burgess-Olsen, 372).  She realized that more good could be done by training up nurses and midwives than merely working through her private practice alone.  She even traveled outside her state and country to provide this training. It was also said of her that “it was not unusual for Ellis to be pregnant or for her to be holding the baby of one of her students while she lectured” (Wardell).  I love that her life’s work was integrally weaved with God’s mission “to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man.”

We are told to study the history of our church and in that search we will learn precious lessons.  So this is what I felt impressed upon me as I studied about her:

1 – As mothers we should “understand perfectly the laws of health.”  I’m waiting for a conference talk entitled, “Are We Not All Nurses?”  because at times it seems that way as a mother.  I could not count how many sleepless nights I have spent with my children.  Medical care is expensive and the more acquainted I am with preventing disease and illness the less we have to spend on it or rely upon others.  It is wisdom to be understand the laws of health, learn natural ways of healing, and use medical care when it is truly needed.

2 – It is possible to rear children when called upon by the Lord to complete an education.  I am impressed with the women who have surrounded me that experienced pregnancy, birth, postpartum, and motherhood while working to secure their education.  Are there any of you out there?  I would love to hear how you did it. In her day medical school lasted about two years, quite different from today, but I love her example of seeking to improve her knowledge before she formally entered medical school. Regardless of whether I gain the knowledge in a formal setting or not, I want to always be continually learning.

3 – Her rules for longevity: “peaceful mind, pure air, good food, clean body, cheerfulness, regular habits, sufficient sleep, relaxation, religion, and self-respect” (Burgess-Olsen, 373).  Great advice and there are now studies to back up her common sense recommendations.

4 – Dr. Shipp also recommended that you, “keep your child a child as long as possible.”  She encouraged parents to avoid exposing their children to “late hours, rich foods, and an endless social whirl” (Burgess-Olsen, 374).  Some of her recommendations remind me of what Julie B. Beck said in her talk “Mother’s Who Know.”  I like the idea of keeping my children young in heart as long as possible.  Teaching them good habits early in life pays off.

In order to encourage motherhood, compassionate, loving and skilled care is required to be available for the mothers who bear children. I am grateful for the faithful health care providers like Ellis R. Shipp who sacrificed to gain the necessary skills so that they could provide inspired care to their patients, particularly mamas and babies. It seems there are many women who although they did not recieve a formal call from their prophet or bishop, have felt called upon to learn skills that aid in the protection of the gift of giving life.  Knowing more about her life has brought to me a reverance for the words she penned in this hymn (#231),

 

Father, cheer our souls tonight;

Lift our burdens, make them light.

Let thine all-pervading love

Shine upon us from above.

Calm the surges of the soul;

Bid the dark waves backward roll.

Let us all thy mercies feel

Thru the pow’r thou dost reveal.

Bless our loved ones far away;

Grant them health and peace, we pray.

In their hearts let holy light

Beam to guide their steps a-right.

Let implicit faith and trust

Help us know thy ways are just.

May thine ever tender love

Lead our hearts to thee above.

 

I just may have to find a version of this song for my next labor relaxation CD.  I definitely noticed imagery of birth and motherhood in her prose.  Ellis Reynolds Shipp was not only a doctor and author but she also served on the General Relief Society Board and the Mutual Improvement Association.  Even with all of her impressive accomplishments she valued motherhood above all else saying, “it is to me the crowning joy of a woman’s life to be a mother.”  So if you have embarked upon a journey to improve the health of mothers and babies I pray the Lord’s blessings upon you in your journey.  It is a noble work.

 

Sources:

Burgess-Olson, Vicky. Sister Saints. Brigham Young University Press, Provo, UT 1978.

Wardell, Julie. “Ellis Reynolds Shipp – Mother and Doctor,” Friend, April 1984.